Varicose Vein Surgery

If our radiologists recommend varicose vein surgery, our team will refer you to a hospital specialist to determine the next steps. The most common surgical treatment for venous insufficiency is vein stripping. However, surgery is only recommended in rare cases where lifestyle changes have failed and patients are in significant discomfort from their varicose veins.


Varicose Veins FAQ

Varicose veins may or may not be painful – depending on the patient. The most common pain symptoms are aching, throbbing, or sometimes burning sensations in your legs.
Varicose veins are a fairly common condition, occurring in 20-25% of the Canadian adult population (Dooner, 2011). As stated by the Canadian Society for Vascular Surgery, women are slightly more likely to develop varicose veins than men (60/40%).
Varicose veins are large, twisted veins in the leg with weakened valves. As blood flow is restricted in these veins, clots can form as a result of pooling blood. Usually, blood clots form in superficial veins near the skin's surface, but occasionally they can form in the leg's deep veins. Our team will work with your healthcare provider to assess your risk for clots and thrombosis.
Varicose veins are very strongly correlated to genetics. If either of your parents have poor vein structure, weak valves, thin walls, low muscle density, etc., there is a high chance you will inherit their inefficient valve composition. More specifically, if one of your parents has the condition, you have a 40% chance of inheriting varicose veins. If both of your parents have varicose veins, there is a 90% chance you will inherit them.
Most varicose veins are visible just beneath the skin. However, some varicose veins can occur deeper inside the leg muscle and other areas of the body which are not visible. These veins can only be confirmed through a venous ultrasound scan.
Varicose veins will not go away on their own. Symptoms may fluctuate depending on your lifestyle and changes in your physical activity, but they will likely return over time. Many forms of treatment like compression stockings can help manage symptoms but do not cure the underlying condition – venous insufficiency.
Varicose veins can burst because of weakened walls and high blood pressure. If the vein ruptures internally, it will pool, leading to bruising, dizziness, and even fainting. If the vein ruptures and breaks the skin, profuse bleeding can occur because of the excess pressure. If your varicose veins burst, it is essential to elevate your leg, apply pressure, and immediately seek medical attention.
Common varicose vein symptoms include throbbing, aching, burning, or swelling of the lower extremities, including the knee. Therefore, varicose veins or venous insufficiency can cause knee pain.
Yes, varicose veins can occur in almost any part of the body, depending on vein health. Typically, they appear in the lower extremities and often, symptoms will present in one leg before the other. Healthcare professionals are still divided as to why, but many believe it is because of damage to the vein or valve on that side of the body.
Losing weight will help improve circulation in your body and may reduce some of the symptoms related to varicose veins, but it will not make them disappear. However, losing weight does help prevent new varicose veins from forming, so it is a helpful treatment strategy.
Itching is a common symptom of varicose veins. Itchiness can be the result of a few situations, one of which is increased histamine in the body. Histamine is a hormone produced by the body to help heal damaged veins. Another situation is when blood pools in the soft tissue. When vein walls burst under pressure, blood leaks out into the soft tissue beneath the skin. The build-up of blood and associated inflammation reduce the amount of oxygen that can reach your skin leading to dermatitis. This venous stasis dermatitis can create very intense itching symptoms.


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